DOI: 10.35205/0558-1125-2022-77-111-119

UDC 631.674.6:634.232:477.7



M.F. Sydorenko Melitopol Research Station of Horticulture of the Institute of Horticulture, NAAS of Ukrain, 72311, Melitopol, 99, Vakulenchuk St., e-mail:

The research is dedicated to establishing the parameters of the micro-irrigation regime in cherry orchards in the south of Ukraine using meteorological indicators and the amount of evapotranspiration as a basis for further determining the optimal irrigation regime.

Field experiments were conducted in 2019-2020 on the lands of the M.F. Sydorenko Melitopol Research Station of Horticulture of the Institute of Horticulture, NAAS of Ukrain. In the investigation the following variants of the experiment are provided: a control variant – natural moistening, variants with the use of irrigation at pre-irrigation soil moisture level (PISML) of 70 % of least soil moisture (LSM) at different moisture layers of 0.4 m, 0.6 m, and 0.8 m, and variants with deficient irrigation at 100 %, 75 % and 50 % evapotranspiration compensation (ET0).

As a result of research, it was established that the compensation of evapotranspiration (ET0) at the level of 75 % determines the maintenance of soil moisture in a layer of 0.6 m not lower than 67-70 % HB. The deviations of irrigation rates between this option and the PISML of 70 % LSM (0.6 m) do not exceed 6 % due to the increase in irrigation efficiency. Maintenance of 70 % LSM in the 0.4 m layer and at 50 % ET0 leads to a weakening of cherry production processes, which indicates the inconsistency of such a moisture regime with the biological requirements of cherry culture. The advantages of the irrigation regime for PISML 70 % LSM in a layer of 0.8 cm and for 100 % ET0 in terms of influence on cherry production processes were not revealed. At the same time, water consumption increases by 28-33 % due to a decrease in irrigation efficiency relative to compliance with this moisture regime in a layer of 0.6 m. The best indicators of irrigation efficiency were in the options of 75 % ET0 - 2.8 kg/m3 and with PISML 70 % LSM (0.6 m) – 2.2 kg/m3. Such data indicate the expediency of using the calculation method for determining the irrigation regime of cherry trees, as an alternative to the thermostatic-weight method.

In connection with this, for the management of the irrigation regime of the southern light loamy chernozem in cherry plantations, an algorithm for determining the terms and rates of irrigation using monitoring of agroclimatic indicators (average daily temperature and relative air humidity, amount of precipitation) and calculation of ET0 is proposed. The irrigation period in cherry plantations begins when the pre-irrigation moisture level of the root-containing layer of light loam soil (0.6 m) drops to 70 % LSM using the thermostatic-weight method or using devices for determining the moisture content in the soil.

Key words:  drip irrigation, sweet cherry trees planting, southern black soil, irrigation regime, total water consumption, evaporation.

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