DOI: 10.35205/0558-1125-2022-77-88-99

UDC 634.23:631.541.1:631.153.7


O.A. KISHCHAK, Doctor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine

Yu.P. KISHCHAK, PhD, Senior Research Worker

Institute of Horticulture, NAAS of Ukraine, 03027, Kyiv-27, 23, Sadova st., e-mail:

The authors present the results of analysing retrospectively the modern tendencies in the selection of rootstock for the sweet cherry industrial cultivation throughout the world and in Ukraine. In the practice of the world industrial horticulture clonal rootstocks for this crop began to be used widely only at the end of the previous century, that is almost 20 years ago, however their role was obviously overestimated. At present ideal rootstocks for sweet cherry are absent there fore main countries - producers of that crop fruits, as role, use the forms of their own breeding as well as various local adapted or introduced low clonal rootstocks. That’s why under the comparatively not large volume of the world sweet cherry fruits production (about 2,6 mln t) in the practice of the crop industrial growing a great rootstocks amount is utilized in different countries. According to the botanical origin their great versality are divided into derivatives from the largest rootstock group is constituted by the forms derivative of from remote and interspecial hybrids among which such known as Colt, Gisela, Piku, PHL, Studenykivska and others. The examples of the successful application of rootstocks are also interesting which have been selected from the promise myrobalan plum forms like Adara (Spain) and Myrobalan RI-I (USA). In the intense sweet cherry orchards on semidwarf and dwarf rootstock its average fruit mass has appeared to reduce considerably. That is not characteristic for the apple plantations on such rootstocks as well as does not meet the requirements of the global trade networks to the products marketable quality in accordance with which the fruit diameter must be not less than 28 mm. The mentioned fact shows that unlike apple at the present day fruit growing intensification stage the vigorous and average rootstocks are major ones in the sweet cherry orchards structure which provide the high products marketable quality during the long plantations productive application period. Thus that crop cultivation intensification must be accomplished on the basis of the thorough talking into consideration its biological peculiarities and the market requirements to the products marketable quality but not by means of its into the apple super dense analogues.

Key words: sweet cherry, rootstocks, cultivars, products marketable quality, orchards

Список використаної літератури

1. Варрон. Сельское хозяйство / пер. М.Е. Сергиенко. Л. : Издательство АН СССР. 1963. 220 с.

2. Francis M. Coe. Cherry Rootstocks. Bulletin № 319. 1945. UAES Bulletins. P. 280. URL: (дата звернення: 17.12.2021)

3. Lang G. Precocious, dwarfing and productive – How will new cherry rootstocks impact the sweet cherry industry? HorTTechnology. 2000.  10(4). P. 719-725. DOI:10.21273/HORTTECH.10.4.719.

4. Hatton R.G. Paradise apple stocks: their fruit and blossom. Journ. of the Royal Hort. Soc. 1919.  V. 44. P. 46-55.

5. FAOSTAT – FAO Statistics Division 2020. URL: (дата звернення 14.02.2022).

6. Bujdoso G., Hrotko K. Rootstock-scion interactions on dwarfing cherry rootstocks in Hungary.  Horticultural Science (Prague).  2005. Vol. 32, № 4. P. 129-137.

7. Pinczon du Sel S. New dwarfing and semi-dwarfing rootstocks tested in France. URL: _Presentations/PinczonduSel_Trebinje2015.pdf. (дата звернення:  17.12.2021)

8. Update on sweet cherry rootstocks. Penn State Extention. URL: (дата звернення:  17.12.2021)

9. Aviability Rootstock, SharamaBoomkwekerij B.V., 2014. - URL:–eng.pdf. (дата звернення:  17.12.2021)

10. Balmer M. European sweet cherry industry: Germany, France, Italy, Turkey. The compact fruit tree. 2001. Vol. 34, № 3. P. 81-85.

11. Lezzoni A. Update on new cherry rootstock possibilities from Michigan State Univ. IFTA Conference, February 2013. URL: 2013 WedPM/5-lezzoni.pdf. (дата звернення: 17.12.2021)

12. Long L.E., Thompson A., Whiting M. Sweet Cherry Cultivars for the Fresh Market (catalogue). Pacific Northwest Extension Publishing. PNW 604. January 2021. 17 p. URL: (дата звернення:  17.12.2021)

13. Long L.E., Brewer L.J., Kaiser C. Cherry Rootstock for the Modern Orchard. Presented at the 57th Annual IFTA Conference, February 2014, in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada. Compact Fruit Tree. December 2014. P. 24-28. URL: (дата звернення:  17.12.2021)

14. Ercisli C. Sweet Cherry Rootstock Trials in Turkey. A journey from generative to vegetative rootstock. URL: 20Meetimg_Trebinje_Presentations/ Ercisli_ Trebinje2015.pdf. (дата звернення: 17.12.2021)

15. Naranjo E. G. Technical and productive aspects of cherry production in Chile. URL: (дата звернення:  17.12.2021)

16. Bujdosо, G., Hrotkо, K. Cherry production. Cherries: botany, productions and uses. CAB: International, 2017. P. 1-13. DOI: 10.1079/9781780648378.0001.

17. Shilo I. Sweet Cherry Industry. Ag Toolsm Academy. 2011. - URL: http://www.future_cherry_production_thursby_2011. pdf. (дата звернення:  17.12.2021)