Adaptivity of the new sweet-berry honeysuckle (Lonicera cerulea L.) ultivars under the conditions of the Ukraines Lisosteppe

DOI: 10.35205/0558-1125-2019-74-32-39
UDC 631.526.32:634.74:631.55:632.112

ADAPTIVITY OF THE NEW SWEET-BERRY HONEYSUCKLE (LONICERA CERULEA L.) ULTIVARS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE UKRAINES LISOSTEPPE

YA.YU. TERESHCHENKO, V.A. KRYVOSHAPKA, O.M. YARESHCHENKO, PhDs
Institute of Horticulture, NAAS  of Ukraine, 03027, Kyiv-27, 23 Sadova st.,
-mail: yantereshchenko@gmail.com, v.kryvoshapka@ukr.net, yareshchenko_a@ukr.net
L.G. LYSANYUK, Doctor, Professor
National scientific centre Institute for agricultural engineering and electrification NAAS of Ukraine, 08631, Kyiv region, Vasylkiv district, Glevakha, 11, Vokzalna st.

The authors present the results sweet-berry honeysuckle inland and foreign collectional breeding in the Northern part of the Lisosteppe. The amounts of the effective temperatures have been determined necessary for the plants main phenophases development. The sweet-berry honeysuckle distinguishes itself among the other bushy small fruit crops for the rather brief period of the passage by the plants of such important development phenophases as budding, flowering and ripening. The studied cultivars are divided into three groups (early-, average- and late- ripening). Among the researched varieties, the early cultivars Fialka, Silginka, Bakcharsky Vyelikan were noted as well as Honey Bee, Doch Vyelikana, Duet, Karina and besides them, Duet, Avrora, Spokusa on the basis of their best yield. The large-fruited cultivars were Bakcharsky Vyelikan, Doch Vyelikana, Bakcharskaya Yubilyeinaya, Silginka. Spokusa and Fialka were characterized for high taste qualities (8.7-8.8 points). The water regime study of the leaves of 12 inland and foreign varieties was conducted. The field and laboratory-field methods were used for determining drought-resistant varieties and hybrids. The water-holding capacity of the leaves was analyzed by calculating their water loss per unit of time withering artificially, exhibiting the leaves in the conditions of air drought, as well as its hydrodynamics. According to the indicators of the leaves water-physical properties the cultivars were determined: very high-droughty   Duet; high- and average- resistant   Honey Bee, Carina, Doch Vyelikana, Alicia, Spokusa, Bakcharsky Vyelikan and Fialka; low-resistant Aurora, Bogdana, Bakcharskaya Yubilyeinaya and Silginka. The above-mentioned cultivars should be used for the researches by the methods of the primary strain investigation and for the usage in the modern breeding programs.
Key words: sweet-berry honeysuckle, cultivar, phenological phases, yield, water-holding capacity, drought-resistance.  


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